DriveWorks Pro 16: Using Appearances [send feedback...]

Using Appearances

Appearances can make a DriveWorks 3D Model more realistic and realism to a 3D scene.

Appearances can also play a big part in the configuration experience of a DriveWorks 3D File. You can configure colors and materials without going back through SOLIDWORKS.

In this topic we are going to look at Appearances, how you use them and how to create appealing 3D scenes.

Appearance Properties

Below are a list of Appearance properties and how they affect the Appearance of your model.

Ambient Intensity

This is a multiplier for the intensity of the Ambient Light on this Appearance.

You can use this property to make objects look like they are glowing. This is great for lights bulbs.

You may need to reduce the Ambient Intensity for transparent models.

Reflectivity

Affects the strength of the Environment Map. The higher the value the more visible the Environment Map is on the model.

It also makes Specular highlights smaller. You may need to increase Specular Intensity as you increase Reflectivity.

Reflectivity can be used to make models look glossy or wet.

Diffuse Color

Diffuse Color determines the color of diffused light that hits the model.

The alpha channel can be used to make objects transparent. For things like glass this can be set very low.

The diffuse color is multiplied with the light color. This means that black will always be black no matter how many lights you shine at it.

Diffuse Intensity

This is a multiplier for the intensity of the Diffuse light on this Appearance.

For transparent objects, the Diffuse Intensity should be almost 0.

Diffuse Intensity should be avoided on objects that are not transparent.

Specular Color

This is the color of theSpecular highlight on the Appearance. This is the shiny area on a model.

Specular Color should always be white on organic objects. For metallic materials, use a similar color to the Diffuse Color.

Like Diffuse Color this is multiplied with the light color.

Specular Intensity

Specular Intensity is the multiplier for the intensity of the Specular highlight on this Appearance. This is the intensity of the shiny spots on a model.

You can turn this property up to make things look shiny.

This simulates how light gets reflected by a surface.

Texture - Source File Path

Texture allows you to browse for an image that exist in the DriveWorks 3D Document or browse for a new image to be used as the Texture for this Appearance.

Source File Path shows you the path where the image is stored. You can also build a rule for this property to make the Texture image dynamic.

Texture Scale X / Y

Texture Scale X and Y affects the size of the Texture image in the horizontal and vertical direction. The values can be set independently of each other.

The higher the number the smaller the Texture image will become.

For example: setting the scale to 2 will make the texture tile twice. Setting it to 0.5 will display only half the image.

Texture Offset X / Y

Texture Offset X and Y affect the position of the Texture image on a surface. They allow you to pan a texture and line it up with other textures on other faces or models.

These values can be set independently of each other allowing for greater control.

Texture Angle

Texture Angle allows you to rotate the texture around the top left hand corner. This allows you to rotate the texture and line it up in the correct orientation.

Working with Appearances

Static Models

Static Models are nodes in a DriveWorks 3D Document that use the Model Entity. The Model Entity allows you to assign Geometry to the Node in the tree.

Geometries can have 1 or multiple Appearances applied to them from the CAD package. Each Appearance will be imported into the 3D Document when the Geometry is imported in. The Geometry will contain a number of Appearances with certain names, if these exist in the 3D Document then they will be used. If these Appearances are changed at the Document level then the Geometry will change as well.

It is possible to override all Appearances on a Geometry by using the property called "Override Appearance". Override Appearance will override all Appearances on this instance of the Geometry and replace them with the Appearance specified.

To individually control each Appearance on a Geometry, each Appearance needs to exist at the top level of the 3D Document.

Replacement Models

3D Models can be replaced into a DriveWorks 3D Document using the Replace Model Entity. When swapping Models into a 3D Document there are times where you may want to modify their Appearances to show highlighting or selection.

To do this you would use the Remap Appearance Entity. The Remap Appearance Entity lets you remap an Appearance on the replaced model to be another Appearance in your 3D Document. With this Entity, you have two choices. You can remap all Appearances using an asterisk * or you can type the name of the Appearance you want to replace.

It is worth noting that you cannot swap multiple individual Appearances, you can only swap 1 for 1 or all for 1.

If the Replace Entity is on a Model Node, i.e. it contains a Model Entity, the Override Appearance property will not work on the replaced file.

Working With Textures

When working with Textures there are a few things that you should to consider.

  1. Always use seamless textures.

    DriveWorks will tile textures if the surface is larger than the Texture image. Therefore it is important that you use seamless Textures. This prevents any nasty lines appearing on your models.

    There are lots of websites that you can download Textures from. For example: Textures.com
  2. Don't use images larger than 1024 x 1024 pixels.

    Images bigger than this are large in file size and cause performance decreases. In addition to this GPU's won't render Textures over a certain size.

  3. Texture images should be square in size and to a power of 2.

    Square texture images provide the best looking models. If a texture is not square GPU's can make the image square adding in white space. This can leave white lines on your models.

    Use textures that are 1024 x 1024 in size or 512 x 512.
  4. Use JPG images over PNG.

    JPG images are smaller than PNG. You should only use PNG files if you require transparency on the Appearance.

  5. Keep the file size as small as possible.

    Some surfaces don't require large textures. If you can compress images, make them smaller in size and make sure they fit your surface.

Creating Shadows

Appearances can be used to imitate shadows in a DriveWorks 3D Document. Shadows add another depth of realism to your 3D scene and model.

We simulate shadows by adding a 3D model of a Plane under the model we are configuring. We then add an Appearance to that plane. The Appearance contains a Texture image that looks like a shadow. We do this on demos like the Trailer, Conveyor and Play System.

Steps:

  1. Add a Plane model to your 3D Scene.
  2. Use or create an Appearance and assign it to the Plane model.
  3. Add a Texture image to the Appearance.
  4. Set the Appearance to be slightly transparent.

We create Shadow Textures in applications such as Photoshop or Gimp. These photo editing applications let you draw shapes that can be simply used as Shadows in your 3D scene.

Example Appearances

StoneWood FloorLeather
  • Seamless stone texture
  • Low Reflectivity (Stone isn't glossy)
  • Medium Specular, stone reflects a good amount of light, it just diffuses a lot of it (matte).

Values

  • Reflectivity - 0.001
  • Specular Intensity - 1
  • Diffuse Intensity - 1
  • Seamless wood floor texture.
  • Medium reflectivity and specular.

Values

  • Reflectivity - 1
  • Specular Intensity - 3
  • Diffuse Intensity - 1
  • Seamless leather texture
  • Low Reflectivity, quite matte.
  • High Specular.

Values

  • Reflectivity - 0.05
  • Specular Intensity - 2.5
  • Diffuse Intensity - 1
GoldTilesCarpet
  • Gold metallic color, super polished.
  • Very High Reflectivity.
  • High Specular, similar color to Diffuse.

Values

  • Diffuse RGB - 180, 125, 20
  • Specular RGB - 170, 115, 20
  • Reflectivity - 20
  • Specular Intensity - 80
  • Diffuse Intensity - 1
  • Seamless tile texture.
  • Medium Reflectivity.
  • Quite matte. Skybox barely visible.

Values

  • Reflectivity - 1.5
  • Specular Intensity - 2.5
  • Diffuse Intensity - 1
  • Seamless carpet texture.
  • Scale texture, most are very magnified.
  • Almost no reflectivity.

Values

  • Reflectivity - 0.02
  • Specular Intensity - 0.02
  • Diffuse Intensity - 1
Glass
  • White color with low alpha.
  • Very High Reflectivity.
  • High Specular, similar color to Diffuse.
  • Skybox shown to show off transparency.

Values

  • Diffuse RGBA - 255, 255, 255, 60
  • Specular RGB - 255, 255, 255
  • Reflectivity - 60
  • Specular Intensity - 70
  • Diffuse Intensity - 0.1

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